Colonial Discourse and the Suffering of Indian American Children Book Cover.webp

In this book, we analyze the psycho-social consequences faced by Indian American children after exposure to the school textbook discourse on Hinduism and ancient India. We demonstrate that there is an intimate connection—an almost exact correspondence—between James Mill’s colonial-racist discourse (Mill was the head of the British East India Company) and the current school textbook discourse. This racist discourse, camouflaged under the cover of political correctness, produces the same psychological impacts on Indian American children that racism typically causes: shame, inferiority, embarrassment, identity confusion, assimilation, and a phenomenon akin to racelessness, where children dissociate from the traditions and culture of their ancestors.

This book is the result of four years of rigorous research and academic peer-review, reflecting our ongoing commitment at Hindupedia to challenge the representation of Hindu Dharma within academia.


From Hindupedia, the Hindu Encyclopedia

By Swami Harshananda

Śāṇḍilya literally means 'son or descendant of Śaṇḍila'.

The problem with the ancient religious scriptures is that we come across the same name, especially that of a ṛṣi or sage, at many places. It obviously refers to different periods of time. The name Śāṇḍilya is one such. Several Śāṇdilyas that we find in these scriptures may be listed as follows:

  • Śāṇḍilya is mentioned several times in the Śatapatha Brāhmana[1] as a great authority of agnicayana[2] where his agni[3] has been called Śāṇḍila’. He was the teacher of Vātsya and a pupil of Kuśrī.
  • According to other lists of lineage, several sages have been mentioned as his teachers. Some of them are:
  1. Kaiśorya Kaśyapa
  2. Vaiṣṭapureya
  3. Gautama
  4. Others
  • In the Chāndogya Upaniṣad[4] an important teaching of Śāṇḍilya is given. It has been called Sandilyavidyā.
  • One Śāṇḍilya is mentioned in the Mahābhārata several times as a sage in the court of Yudhiṣṭhira[5]
  • His opinion on dāna or giving gifts has been quoted in the Anuśāsanaparva.[6]
  • The author of an ancient treatise on bhakti or devotion[7] was also a Śāṇḍilya. The work is actually known by his name as Śāndilyaśatasutriyam. Two more works, Śāndilyopanisad and Śāndilyasamhitā, are also attributed to him.


  1. Śatapatha Brāhmana;
  2. Agnicayana means fire-ritual.
  3. Agni means fire.
  4. Chāndogya Upaniṣad 3.14
  5. Sabhāparva 4.17
  6. Anuśāsanaparva 65.19
  7. Bhaktisutras of Śāṇḍilya
  • The Concise Encyclopedia of Hinduism, Swami Harshananda, Ram Krishna Math, Bangalore

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