Colonial Discourse and the Suffering of Indian American Children Book Cover.webp

In this book, we analyze the psycho-social consequences faced by Indian American children after exposure to the school textbook discourse on Hinduism and ancient India. We demonstrate that there is an intimate connection—an almost exact correspondence—between James Mill’s colonial-racist discourse (Mill was the head of the British East India Company) and the current school textbook discourse. This racist discourse, camouflaged under the cover of political correctness, produces the same psychological impacts on Indian American children that racism typically causes: shame, inferiority, embarrassment, identity confusion, assimilation, and a phenomenon akin to racelessness, where children dissociate from the traditions and culture of their ancestors.

This book is the result of four years of rigorous research and academic peer-review, reflecting our ongoing commitment at Hindupedia to challenge the representation of Hindu Dharma within academia.


From Hindupedia, the Hindu Encyclopedia

By Swami Harshananda

Significance of Śataduṣaṇī[edit]

Offence is the best form of defense. This principle seems to have inspired many scholars of the various schools of Vedānta to produce highly polemical works with a view to demolish other rival systems. One such work is the Satadusanī of Vedānta Deśika.[1] It has been commented upon by Rāmānujadāsa and Śrīnivāsācarya. These commentaries are known as Candamāruta and Sahasrakirani respectively.

Dissensions about Śataduṣaṇī[edit]

Though the title indicates one hundred refutations of Advaita Vedānta of Śaṅkara,[2] the text now available has only sixty-six. Scholars opine that the rest of the work comprising thirty four refutations might have been lost or the work might have ended with the sixty-sixth paragraph only. In that case ‘śata’ may not mean ‘hundred’ but it indicates ‘many’.


It is interesting to note that Vedānta Deśika considers Śāṅkara Vedānta’s barring of Śudras from attaining the knowledge of Brahman as inappropriate. The work concludes with the statement that Śaṅkara’s philosophy cannot be reconciled with that of the Brahmasutras.


  1. He lived in A. D. 1268-1370.
  2. He lived in A. D. 788-820.
  • The Concise Encyclopedia of Hinduism, Swami Harshananda, Ram Krishna Math, Bangalore