Colonial Discourse and the Suffering of Indian American Children Book Cover.webp

In this book, we analyze the psycho-social consequences faced by Indian American children after exposure to the school textbook discourse on Hinduism and ancient India. We demonstrate that there is an intimate connection—an almost exact correspondence—between James Mill’s colonial-racist discourse (Mill was the head of the British East India Company) and the current school textbook discourse. This racist discourse, camouflaged under the cover of political correctness, produces the same psychological impacts on Indian American children that racism typically causes: shame, inferiority, embarrassment, identity confusion, assimilation, and a phenomenon akin to racelessness, where children dissociate from the traditions and culture of their ancestors.

This book is the result of four years of rigorous research and academic peer-review, reflecting our ongoing commitment at Hindupedia to challenge the representation of Hindu Dharma within academia.


From Hindupedia, the Hindu Encyclopedia
(Redirected from Ambika)

By Jit Majumdar

  1. mother.
  2. sensitive, compassionate, good woman.
  3. another name for Durgā; daughter of the king of Kāśī, sister of Ambā and Ambikā, the first wife of Vicitravīrya and the mother of Dhŗtarāşţra through Kŗşņa-Dvaipāyana Vyāsa[1]; a village goddess who represents a fierce class of Yoginīs [2]; the warrior goddess formed out of the collected and condensed energies of all the male gods to vanquish the Asuras [3]; a sister of Rudra [4]; the wife of the Rudra Ugraretas[5]; a mother in the retinue of Skanda [6]; a goddess in Jainism [7].

An aspect of goddess Pārvatī, Ambikā is described as being seated on a lion. She has three eyes and is adorned with various ornaments. Out of her four hands, three hold darpaṇa (mirror), khaḍga (sword) and khetaka (shield). The fourth (one of the right hands) exhibits the varadamudrā (boon-giving pose).


  1. Mahabharata
  2. Yajur Veda
  3. D. Sapta.
  4. Vāj. Sańhitā
  5. Bhagawad Purana
  6. Mahabharata
  7. Amar Kosa
  • The Concise Encyclopedia of Hinduism, Swami Harshananda, Ram Krishna Math, Bangalore

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