Colonial Discourse and the Suffering of Indian American Children Book Cover.webp

In this book, we analyze the psycho-social consequences faced by Indian American children after exposure to the school textbook discourse on Hinduism and ancient India. We demonstrate expose the correspondence between textbooks and the colonial-racist discourse. This racist discourse produces the same psychological impacts on Indian American children that racism typically causes: shame, inferiority, embarrassment, identity confusion, assimilation, and a phenomenon akin to racelessness, where children dissociate from the traditions and culture of their ancestors.

This book is the result of four years of rigorous research and academic peer-review, reflecting our ongoing commitment at Hindupedia to challenge the representation of Hindu Dharma within academia.


From Hindupedia, the Hindu Encyclopedia
(Redirected from Aparoksanubhuti)

By Swami Harshananda

Aparoksānubhuti literally means ‘not-mediate-experience’.

Akṣan means a sense-organ like the eye or the ear. Parokṣa means that which is removed from the sense organ, hence, indirect. Aparokṣa is that which is opposed to this, i.e., direct. All knowledge obtained through inference and verbal testimony is parokṣa. Compared to it, knowledge obtained by direct perception is aparokṣa.

However in the strictest sense, even such knowledge is parokṣa or indirect only, since the sense organs and the mind intervene between the knower and the object known. ‘Aparoksānubhuti’ or ‘immediate and direct experience’ is possible only with regard to the ātman, our own self.

Ātman can never be apprehended or comprehended by the senses or the mind since it is the power behind them. It is to be experienced directly by itself.

Aparoksānubhuti is also the title of a small treatise on Advaita Vedānta attributed to Śaṅkara (A. D. 788-820). Extending over 144 verses, the work deals mainly with the various disciplines that help destroy ajñāna (ignorance of the real nature of the ātman) and manifest the ātman.


  • The Concise Encyclopedia of Hinduism, Swami Harshananda, Ram Krishna Math, Bangalore