By Swami Harshananda
Apavāda literally means 'that which over-rules’.
For instance, ahimsā or not to harm any living being is a general rule. But killing animals in a sacrifice is permitted as an apavāda or exception.
Apavāda also means an accusation. The word is used in Advaita Vedānta too.
- The Concise Encyclopedia of Hinduism, Swami Harshananda, Ram Krishna Math, Bangalore