Colonial Discourse and the Suffering of Indian American Children Book Cover.webp

In this book, we analyze the psycho-social consequences faced by Indian American children after exposure to the school textbook discourse on Hinduism and ancient India. We demonstrate that there is an intimate connection—an almost exact correspondence—between James Mill’s colonial-racist discourse (Mill was the head of the British East India Company) and the current school textbook discourse. This racist discourse, camouflaged under the cover of political correctness, produces the same psychological impacts on Indian American children that racism typically causes: shame, inferiority, embarrassment, identity confusion, assimilation, and a phenomenon akin to racelessness, where children dissociate from the traditions and culture of their ancestors.

This book is the result of four years of rigorous research and academic peer-review, reflecting our ongoing commitment at Hindupedia to challenge the representation of Hindu Dharma within academia.


From Hindupedia, the Hindu Encyclopedia
(Redirected from Asparsa-yoga)

By Swami Harshananda

Asparśa-yoga literally means ‘yoga of non-contact’.

The ten Upaniṣads on which Śaṅkara (A.D. 788-820) wrote commentaries have been accepted as more ancient and authoritative. Māndukyopanisad, the smallest of these, is uniquely distinct because of the comments of Gauḍapāda (7th cent. A. D.). This commentary is well-known as Māndukya Kārikā.

The Māndukya Kārikā which advocates an extreme form of Advaita Vedānta, has used the term ‘asparśa-yoga’ twice.[1] The word ‘sparśa’ is generally used to signify contact of the sense-organs with the sense-objects. Hence any yoga or super-conscious experience which has no contact of the senses with the sense-objects may be called as asparśa-yoga.

In this work, this epithet has been especially used to denote the direct experience of the Ātman or the Self which is beyond the ken of all sense-organs and sense-experience. In this experience the lower self and the consequent ego-sense gets into one leaving unalloyed bliss only. This is the same as ‘jñāna.’

The prospect of dissolution of the ego-sense often frightens the ordinary yogis and spiritual aspirants who therefore try to avoid it.[2] Those who obtain the greatest happiness, the highest good and the absolute freedom is enjoyed by him free from all the doubts and misgivings.[3]


  1. Māndukya Kārikā 3.39; 4.2
  2. Māndukya Kārikā 3.39
  3. Māndukya Kārikā 4.2
  • The Concise Encyclopedia of Hinduism, Swami Harshananda, Ram Krishna Math, Bangalore