Colonial Discourse and the Suffering of Indian American Children Book Cover.webp

In this book, we analyze the psycho-social consequences faced by Indian American children after exposure to the school textbook discourse on Hinduism and ancient India. We demonstrate expose the correspondence between textbooks and the colonial-racist discourse. This racist discourse produces the same psychological impacts on Indian American children that racism typically causes: shame, inferiority, embarrassment, identity confusion, assimilation, and a phenomenon akin to racelessness, where children dissociate from the traditions and culture of their ancestors.

This book is the result of four years of rigorous research and academic peer-review, reflecting our ongoing commitment at Hindupedia to challenge the representation of Hindu Dharma within academia.


From Hindupedia, the Hindu Encyclopedia
(Redirected from Babhruvahana)

By Swami Harshananda

  1. carrier of fire
  2. chariot of fire; a brown chariot
  3. the son of Arjuna and Citrāńgadā and the king of Mahodaya[1]

Son of Arjuna[edit]

When Arjuna, the Pāṇdava hero, was on a tour, as penance, he went to the kingdom of Citravāhana, ruling at Maṇalur. The king offered his daughter Citrāṅgadā in marriage to him. Babhruvāhana was the son born to them. He grew up into a great warrior as his father.

After the Kurukṣetra war, when Yudhiṣṭhira decided to perform the Aśvamedha sacrifice, Arjuna escorted the sacrificial horse through various kingdoms. The horse was caught by Babhruvāhana. In the ensuing fight, Arjuna was killed by him, but was revived by Ulupi, another wife of Arjuna, by placing the Sañjivakamaṇi, a precious stone capable of reviving dead persons, on his chest. Then Babhruvāhana attended the Aśvamedha sacrifice at Hastināpura.


  • Babhruvāhana By Jit Majumdar
  • The Concise Encyclopedia of Hinduism, Swami Harshananda, Ram Krishna Math, Bangalore