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In this book, we analyze the psycho-social consequences faced by Indian American children after exposure to the school textbook discourse on Hinduism and ancient India. We demonstrate expose the correspondence between textbooks and the colonial-racist discourse. This racist discourse produces the same psychological impacts on Indian American children that racism typically causes: shame, inferiority, embarrassment, identity confusion, assimilation, and a phenomenon akin to racelessness, where children dissociate from the traditions and culture of their ancestors.

This book is the result of four years of rigorous research and academic peer-review, reflecting our ongoing commitment at Hindupedia to challenge the representation of Hindu Dharma within academia.


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(Redirected from Brahmastra)

By Swami Harshananda

Brahmāstra literally means ‘the missile of Brahmā’.

The art and science of warfare was highly developed in ancient era, if the accounts of war given in the Rāmāyana and the Mahābhārata are to be believed.

Weapons used were divided into two broad categories:

  1. Astras - Astras were missiles discharged from their sources like the bow. Arrows, discuses and spears belong to this class.
  2. Śastras - Śastras were weapons used by directly holding them in hand. Swords belong to this category.

By far, the most powerful of all the astras often mentioned in the epics and the mythological lore is the Brahmāstra. It is also called as ‘Brahmaśirostra’. Śiva is said to have given it to the sage Agastya. Agastya gave it to Agniveśa who gave it to Droṇa. Arjuna got it from Droṇa.

According to another version, Brahmā the creator specially made it for Devendra. The sage Agastya who got it in course of time, handed it over to Śrī Rāma.

It is more likely that the Brahmāstra was not a particular missile physically existent, but a terrible power that could be invoked into any missile by the appropriate mantras. Its use was restricted to extraordinary situations and when the enemy was not an ordinary human being. Śri Rāma is reputed to have killed Rāvaṇa with this Brahmāstra.


  • The Concise Encyclopedia of Hinduism, Swami Harshananda, Ram Krishna Math, Bangalore

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