Colonial Discourse and the Suffering of Indian American Children Book Cover.webp

In this book, we analyze the psycho-social consequences faced by Indian American children after exposure to the school textbook discourse on Hinduism and ancient India. We demonstrate that there is an intimate connection—an almost exact correspondence—between James Mill’s colonial-racist discourse (Mill was the head of the British East India Company) and the current school textbook discourse. This racist discourse, camouflaged under the cover of political correctness, produces the same psychological impacts on Indian American children that racism typically causes: shame, inferiority, embarrassment, identity confusion, assimilation, and a phenomenon akin to racelessness, where children dissociate from the traditions and culture of their ancestors.

This book is the result of four years of rigorous research and academic peer-review, reflecting our ongoing commitment at Hindupedia to challenge the representation of Hindu Dharma within academia.


From Hindupedia, the Hindu Encyclopedia

By Swami Harshananda

Cicchakti literally means ‘sentient power’.

There are three bhakti schools of Vedānta. They were propounded by:

  1. Nimbārka (14th cent. A. D.)
  2. Vallabha (A. D. 1473-1531)
  3. Caitanya (A. D. 1485-1533)
  4. Śrīkaṇṭha (13th cent. A. D.)

These schools have reconciled both, the cit or conscious and the acit or unconscious aspects of creation within the broad framework of advaita or non-dualism. According to these schools, Brahman, the Absolute or God, has two aspects of power:

  1. Cit-śakti (Cicchakti) or the sentient power
  2. Acit-śakti (Acicchakti) or the insentient power

God in his own nature is absolutely formless pure consciousness. By cicchakti or the sentient power he holds the individual souls within him. By acicchakti or the insentient power he spreads out the material world and connects it with the former for their diverse experiences.

Cicchakti (sometimes called ‘svarupa- śākti’ or ‘antarañgaśakti’) is said to have three aspects:

  1. Sandhinī - It is the sat aspect of god. By sandhinī God upholds his own existence and that of others.
  2. Sarhvit - It is the cit aspect of god. By saihvit he knows and makes others know.
  3. Hlādinī - It is the ānanda aspect of god. By hlādini he enjoys and makes others enjoy bliss.


  • The Concise Encyclopedia of Hinduism, Swami Harshananda, Ram Krishna Math, Bangalore