From Hindupedia, the Hindu Encyclopedia

By Swami Harshananda

Cirajivins literally means ‘those who live eternally’.

The epics and purāṇas have listed seven persons as ‘cirajivins’ or ever-living. Due to various reasons as depicted in the mythological stories, they obtained the boon of living for ever on this earth, though in a subtle body. They are:

  1. Aśvatthāma - the son of preceptor Droṇa
  2. Bali - the king of pātāla or the nether world
  3. Hanumān - the monkey-devotee of Rāma
  4. Kṛpa - a brāhmaṇa warrior mentioned in the Mahābhārata
  5. Paraśurāma - the sage who killed the evil kṣattriyas
  6. Vibhīṣaṇa - youngest brother of Rāvaṇa, the king of Laṅkā
  7. Vyāsa - the sage and author of the epic Mahābhārata and the purāṇas

Mārkaṇḍeya, the sage who conquered death through his devotion to Śiva, should be added to this list.


  • The Concise Encyclopedia of Hinduism, Swami Harshananda, Ram Krishna Math, Bangalore