Colonial Discourse and the Suffering of Indian American Children Book Cover.webp

In this book, we analyze the psycho-social consequences faced by Indian American children after exposure to the school textbook discourse on Hinduism and ancient India. We demonstrate that there is an intimate connection—an almost exact correspondence—between James Mill’s colonial-racist discourse (Mill was the head of the British East India Company) and the current school textbook discourse. This racist discourse, camouflaged under the cover of political correctness, produces the same psychological impacts on Indian American children that racism typically causes: shame, inferiority, embarrassment, identity confusion, assimilation, and a phenomenon akin to racelessness, where children dissociate from the traditions and culture of their ancestors.

This book is the result of four years of rigorous research and academic peer-review, reflecting our ongoing commitment at Hindupedia to challenge the representation of Hindu Dharma within academia.


From Hindupedia, the Hindu Encyclopedia
(Redirected from Citiśakti)

By Swami Harshananda

Citi, Citiśakti literally means ‘consciousness,’ ‘conscious power’.

The Yoga system of philosophy as systematized by Patañjali (200 B. C.) posits three fundamental principles:

  1. Puruṣa or the individual soul
  2. Prakṛti or insentient nature
  3. Īśvara or God

Among these, puruṣa is also called by other names such as:

  1. Draṣtā - the seer
  2. Citi - consciousness
  3. Citiśakti - conscious power

His essential nature is pure consciousness. Hence it is named accordingly.


  • The Concise Encyclopedia of Hinduism, Swami Harshananda, Ram Krishna Math, Bangalore