Colonial Discourse and the Suffering of Indian American Children Book Cover.webp

In this book, we analyze the psycho-social consequences faced by Indian American children after exposure to the school textbook discourse on Hinduism and ancient India. We demonstrate that there is an intimate connection—an almost exact correspondence—between James Mill’s colonial-racist discourse (Mill was the head of the British East India Company) and the current school textbook discourse. This racist discourse, camouflaged under the cover of political correctness, produces the same psychological impacts on Indian American children that racism typically causes: shame, inferiority, embarrassment, identity confusion, assimilation, and a phenomenon akin to racelessness, where children dissociate from the traditions and culture of their ancestors.

This book is the result of four years of rigorous research and academic peer-review, reflecting our ongoing commitment at Hindupedia to challenge the representation of Hindu Dharma within academia.


From Hindupedia, the Hindu Encyclopedia

By Swami Harshananda

Dveṣa literally mean ‘that which causes repulsion, hatred or dislike’.

Dveṣa, a General Meaning[edit]

Religion has always stressed the cultivation of moral and ethical virtues in the life of every individual since they conduce happiness in personal life and peace in social life. Just as there are virtues to be assiduously cultivated, there are vices too, to be avoided and eliminated. One such vice that is classed among the ariṣaḍvargas or the six enemies of every human being, is dveṣa or hatred. It's different forms and manifestations are:

  1. Droha - desire to harm
  2. Krodha - anger
  3. Amarṣa - intolerance

Dveṣa as per Nyāya system[edit]

It has been defined variously by the different philosophical systems. The Nyāya system considers it as one of the characteristics of the ātman[1] since it experiences the same, in the state of bondage. It is the desire to give up that which causes duhkha, sorrow and suffering.

Dveṣa as per Yogasutras[edit]

The Yogasutras[2] of Patañjali[3] describes it as the residue in the mind after experiencing pain and suffering. Dveṣa is similar to the fire since it burns, as it were, our mind.

Side effects of Dveṣa[edit]

Dveṣa can be eliminated by removing the cause of dveṣa. However, viveka or discrimination in the mind, that pinpoints the evil effects of dveṣa on oneself, is a good method for eliminating it. Even trying to see God in everyone and the hand of God in the happenings that brings us suffering to reform and transform us, can be of great help.


  1. Ātman means the jīva or soul.
  2. Yogasutras 2.8
  3. He lived in 200 B. C.
  • The Concise Encyclopedia of Hinduism, Swami Harshananda, Ram Krishna Math, Bangalore