Ekākṣara Upanisad

From Hindupedia, the Hindu Encyclopedia

By Swami Harshananda


Ekākṣara Upaniṣad is a minor Upaniṣad having 13 verses assigned to the Kṛṣṇa Yajurveda. It deals with God or Brahman, the One (eka = one), who is akṣara or indestructible. It is in the form of a laudatory hymn.


When the sādhaka or the spiritual aspirant meditates upon Śiva along with his consort Umā in his sahasrāra-cakra, at the top of the head and one with him (Śiva), he realizes his identity with Śiva. Śiva is the One without a second and the indestructible (akṣara) reality.


  • The Ekākṣara or the Supreme God, is the creator of this world.
  • He is the protector of the world.
  • Though unborn, he is all-pervading.
  • He is the fire.
  • He is the sacrifice.
  • He is Hiraṇyagarbha, the world-soul.
  • He is the sun.
  • He is Kumāra or Skanda.[1]
  • He is Indra, the wielder of the thunderbolt.
  • He is the desire of human beings and the mantras uttered in sacrificial rites to fulfill them.
  • He is the incarnations like the Varāha (Boar).
  • He is all the Vedas and the deity worshiped through the Vedic rites.
  • He has manifested himself as the eleven Rudras.
  • He is man, woman and child.
  • In fact there is nothing here that is not the Ekākṣara.
  • One who knows him, the ancient Lord who has become all, will attain the highest state.


  1. Skanda means the commander of the gods.
  • The Concise Encyclopedia of Hinduism, Swami Harshananda, Ram Krishna Math, Bangalore

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