Colonial Discourse and the Suffering of Indian American Children Book Cover.webp

In this book, we analyze the psycho-social consequences faced by Indian American children after exposure to the school textbook discourse on Hinduism and ancient India. We demonstrate that there is an intimate connection—an almost exact correspondence—between James Mill’s colonial-racist discourse (Mill was the head of the British East India Company) and the current school textbook discourse. This racist discourse, camouflaged under the cover of political correctness, produces the same psychological impacts on Indian American children that racism typically causes: shame, inferiority, embarrassment, identity confusion, assimilation, and a phenomenon akin to racelessness, where children dissociate from the traditions and culture of their ancestors.

This book is the result of four years of rigorous research and academic peer-review, reflecting our ongoing commitment at Hindupedia to challenge the representation of Hindu Dharma within academia.


From Hindupedia, the Hindu Encyclopedia

By Swami Harshananda

Halebidu literally means ‘old town’.

Halebīḍu was a flourishing capital city of the Hoysala dynasty (12th century CE). It was earlier known as Dvārasamudra. After Malik Kafur, the Muslim general of Alla Ud Din, invaded South India, Dvārasamudra was ransacked and it never regained its old glory. Hence it came to be known as ‘Haleya Biḍu’ or ‘Halebidu’ or 'Halebīd'. It is now a deserted village situated at 16 km (10 miles) to the east of the Belur town, in the Hasan district of Karnataka state.


The finest specimens of Hoysala temple architecture are to be found at Belur and Halebīḍu. The most important temple complex is that of Hoysaleśvara. Its construction must have started around CE 1211 but was left incomplete. It is actually a twin temple built in soap-stone of Hoysaleśvara and Sāntaleśvara and the deities (Śivaliṅgas) were named after the king Viṣṇuvardhana[1] and his queen Sāntalā.

The two sanctums, each hexagonal in shape, stand on the same platform side by side. They are connected by a transept. There are separate navaraṅgas (assembly halls). The round walls are covered with hundreds of carved figures depicting the various scenes from the two epics. The pillars are round in shape and highly polished. The Śivaliṅgas are quite big in size.

Other Temples[edit]

The other temples in Halebīḍu are:

  1. The Kedāreśvara temple of three rooms but without any icon
  2. The Vīrabhadra temple
  3. The Rañganātha (Viṣṇu) temple

There are three Jain temples also that are dedicated to:

  1. Pārśvanātha
  2. Śāntinātha
  3. Ādinātha


  1. Viṣṇuvardhana was Hoysaleśvara or the king of the Hoysala dynasty.
  • The Concise Encyclopedia of Hinduism, Swami Harshananda, Ram Krishna Math, Bangalore