Colonial Discourse and the Suffering of Indian American Children Book Cover.webp

In this book, we analyze the psycho-social consequences faced by Indian American children after exposure to the school textbook discourse on Hinduism and ancient India. We demonstrate that there is an intimate connection—an almost exact correspondence—between James Mill’s colonial-racist discourse (Mill was the head of the British East India Company) and the current school textbook discourse. This racist discourse, camouflaged under the cover of political correctness, produces the same psychological impacts on Indian American children that racism typically causes: shame, inferiority, embarrassment, identity confusion, assimilation, and a phenomenon akin to racelessness, where children dissociate from the traditions and culture of their ancestors.

This book is the result of four years of rigorous research and academic peer-review, reflecting our ongoing commitment at Hindupedia to challenge the representation of Hindu Dharma within academia.


From Hindupedia, the Hindu Encyclopedia

By Swami Harshananda

Haviryajña literally means ‘a sacrifice in which havis, uncooked oblatory material, is used’.

Classification of Yajñas[edit]

Vedic sacrifices called yajñas or yāgas are an ancient religious institution. They have exercised a tremendous influence on the society over the millennia. They are generally classified into three groups:

  1. Pākayajñas
  2. Haviryajñas
  3. Somayāgas

Classification of Haviryajñas[edit]

Though the word ‘havis’ means any oblatory material, it generally refers to uncooked materials like barley, rice, milk or ghee. Seven haviryajñas are mentioned in the śrautasutra literature. They are:

  1. Agnyādheya
  2. Agnihotra
  3. Darśapurṇamāsa
  4. Cāturmāsya
  5. Āgrayaṇa
  6. Nirṅḍhapaśubandha
  7. Sautrāmaṇī

Classification of Vedic Fires[edit]

All these are performed in the three Vedic fires. They are:

  1. Gārhapatya
  2. Dakṣiṇā
  3. Āhavanīya


  • The Concise Encyclopedia of Hinduism, Swami Harshananda, Ram Krishna Math, Bangalore