Colonial Discourse and the Suffering of Indian American Children Book Cover.webp

In this book, we analyze the psycho-social consequences faced by Indian American children after exposure to the school textbook discourse on Hinduism and ancient India. We demonstrate that there is an intimate connection—an almost exact correspondence—between James Mill’s colonial-racist discourse (Mill was the head of the British East India Company) and the current school textbook discourse. This racist discourse, camouflaged under the cover of political correctness, produces the same psychological impacts on Indian American children that racism typically causes: shame, inferiority, embarrassment, identity confusion, assimilation, and a phenomenon akin to racelessness, where children dissociate from the traditions and culture of their ancestors.

This book is the result of four years of rigorous research and academic peer-review, reflecting our ongoing commitment at Hindupedia to challenge the representation of Hindu Dharma within academia.


From Hindupedia, the Hindu Encyclopedia

By Swami Harshananda

Kālāgnirudra is one of the terrific forms of Rudra or Śiva. Kālāgni denotes the destructive fire or ‘fire of death’. He is shown with four arms holding:

  1. Khaḍga - sword
  2. Kheṭaka - shield
  3. Dhanuṣ - bow
  4. Bāṇa - arrow

He wears red color garments. Sometimes he is shown among the Bhairavas.[1] When depicted as bhairavas he carries:

  1. Kuṇḍa - water pot
  2. Kheṭaka - shield
  3. Parigha - iron club
  4. Bhiṇḍipāla - hand javelin

In the works on Śaivasiddhānta, kālāgni represents one of the regions of the earth-element.


  1. Bhairavas are generally 64 in number.
  • The Concise Encyclopedia of Hinduism, Swami Harshananda, Ram Krishna Math, Bangalore