From Hindupedia, the Hindu Encyclopedia

By Swami Harshananda

The jīvātman or the bound soul has three śarīras or bodies. They are:

  1. Sthula śarīra - gross body
  2. Sukṣma or liṅgaśarīra - subtle body
  3. Kāraṇaśarīra - causal body

Types of Liṅgaśarīra[edit]

The sukṣma or the liṅga śarira comprises of sixteen parts. It is directly responsible for punarjanma or transmigration. The sixteen parts are:

  1. Five jñānendriyas - organs of knowledge like the eyes
  2. Five karmendriyas - organs of action like the hands
  3. Five prāṇas - vital airs like prāṇa and apāna
  4. Mind - including the buddhi or the intellect


  • The Concise Encyclopedia of Hinduism, Swami Harshananda, Ram Krishna Math, Bangalore