Colonial Discourse and the Suffering of Indian American Children Book Cover.webp

In this book, we analyze the psycho-social consequences faced by Indian American children after exposure to the school textbook discourse on Hinduism and ancient India. We demonstrate that there is an intimate connection—an almost exact correspondence—between James Mill’s colonial-racist discourse (Mill was the head of the British East India Company) and the current school textbook discourse. This racist discourse, camouflaged under the cover of political correctness, produces the same psychological impacts on Indian American children that racism typically causes: shame, inferiority, embarrassment, identity confusion, assimilation, and a phenomenon akin to racelessness, where children dissociate from the traditions and culture of their ancestors.

This book is the result of four years of rigorous research and academic peer-review, reflecting our ongoing commitment at Hindupedia to challenge the representation of Hindu Dharma within academia.


From Hindupedia, the Hindu Encyclopedia

By Swami Harshananda

Maitrāvaruṇa literally means ‘belonging to Mitra and Varuṇa’.

A Vedic sacrifice needs four principal priests. They are:

  1. Hotṛ
  2. Adhvaryu
  3. Udgātṛ
  4. Brahman

Each one of these can have three assistants. Hence the total comes to sixteen, which is the maximum.

Maitrāvaruṇa is an assistant priest attached to the hotṛ. Hotṛ is the first of the four major priests, who are sometimes called ‘mahartvij’.

Maitrāvaruṇa's duty is to recite the hymns to the Vedic deities Mitra and Varuṇa at the prātassavana or morning pressing of the soma juice. Sometimes, he also gives instructions to other priests. He is associated with paśubandha sacrifices, sacrifices involving the immolation of paśus or animals also.


  • The Concise Encyclopedia of Hinduism, Swami Harshananda, Ram Krishna Math, Bangalore