From Hindupedia, the Hindu Encyclopedia
By Swami Harshananda
Nidhana literally means ‘finale’.
Classification of Sāmans
In Somayāgas like the Agniṣṭoma certain mantras of the Sāmaveda are called ‘sāmans’. They have to be chanted musically. Such sāmans have five parts:
- Prastāva - It is chanted by prastotṛ.
- Udgītha - It is chanted by udgātṛ.
- Pratihāra - It is chanted by prati-hartṛ.
- Upadrava - It is chanted by udgātṛ.
- Nidhana - It is chanted by prastotṛ, udgātṛ and prati-hartṛ.
Interjections of Nidhana
Nidhana, the last, contains interjections like:
A bundle of grass of a handful quantity to be spread on the vedi is also called ‘nidhana’. The common meaning of the word is ‘death’.
- The Concise Encyclopedia of Hinduism, Swami Harshananda, Ram Krishna Math, Bangalore