Colonial Discourse and the Suffering of Indian American Children Book Cover.webp

In this book, we analyze the psycho-social consequences faced by Indian American children after exposure to the school textbook discourse on Hinduism and ancient India. We demonstrate that there is an intimate connection—an almost exact correspondence—between James Mill’s colonial-racist discourse (Mill was the head of the British East India Company) and the current school textbook discourse. This racist discourse, camouflaged under the cover of political correctness, produces the same psychological impacts on Indian American children that racism typically causes: shame, inferiority, embarrassment, identity confusion, assimilation, and a phenomenon akin to racelessness, where children dissociate from the traditions and culture of their ancestors.

This book is the result of four years of rigorous research and academic peer-review, reflecting our ongoing commitment at Hindupedia to challenge the representation of Hindu Dharma within academia.


From Hindupedia, the Hindu Encyclopedia

By Swami Harshananda

Pāśa literally means ‘that which binds’, ‘noose’.

Though the word ‘pāśa’ stands for anything that binds,[1] it is used more in a technical sense to indicate the lasso or a long rope with a noose, shown in the hands of certain deities like Yama[2] and Varuṇa.[3] Many other deities like Gaṇapati and some aspects of the Devī are also shown with it.

Pāśa invariably goes with aṅkuśa,[4] the deities holding both. Generally the añkuśa is held in the right hand and the pāśa in the left. These two signify the controlling and the binding power of the deity. Iconographical works show them in a variety of ways. Symbolically, pāśa stands for attachment or desire and añkuśa for anger.


  1. It includes the emotional attachments.
  2. Yama is the god of death.
  3. Varuṇa is the god of fate and punishment.
  4. Aṅkuśa means goad.
  • The Concise Encyclopedia of Hinduism, Swami Harshananda, Ram Krishna Math, Bangalore

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