Colonial Discourse and the Suffering of Indian American Children Book Cover.webp

In this book, we analyze the psycho-social consequences faced by Indian American children after exposure to the school textbook discourse on Hinduism and ancient India. We demonstrate that there is an intimate connection—an almost exact correspondence—between James Mill’s colonial-racist discourse (Mill was the head of the British East India Company) and the current school textbook discourse. This racist discourse, camouflaged under the cover of political correctness, produces the same psychological impacts on Indian American children that racism typically causes: shame, inferiority, embarrassment, identity confusion, assimilation, and a phenomenon akin to racelessness, where children dissociate from the traditions and culture of their ancestors.

This book is the result of four years of rigorous research and academic peer-review, reflecting our ongoing commitment at Hindupedia to challenge the representation of Hindu Dharma within academia.


From Hindupedia, the Hindu Encyclopedia

By Swami Harshananda

Pañcabhutaliṅgas literally means ‘Śivaliñgas connected with the five bhutas or elements’.

Pañcabhutas of Pañcabhutaliṅgas[edit]

Pañcabhutas are the five fundamental elements out of which the whole material world is created. They are:

  1. Pṛthvī - earth
  2. Ap - water
  3. Tejas - fire
  4. Vāyu - air
  5. Ākāśa - space or ether

Classification of Śivaliṅgas[edit]

The Śivaliṅgas in some well-known places of pilgrimage are said to be closely associated with these five. They are:

  1. Pṛthviliṅga at Kāñcipuram in Tamil Nadu
  2. Abliṅga at Jambukeśvara in Tamil Nadu
  3. Tejoliñga at Aruṇācala in Tamil Nadu
  4. Vāyuliṅga at Kālahasti in Andhra Pradesh
  5. Ākāśaliṅga at Cidambaram in Tamil Nadu

The exact reason for this classification is not known.


  • The Concise Encyclopedia of Hinduism, Swami Harshananda, Ram Krishna Math, Bangalore

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