From Hindupedia, the Hindu Encyclopedia

By Swami Harshananda

Pañcabhutaliṅgas literally means ‘Śivaliñgas connected with the five bhutas or elements’.

Pañcabhutas of Pañcabhutaliṅgas[edit]

Pañcabhutas are the five fundamental elements out of which the whole material world is created. They are:

  1. Pṛthvī - earth
  2. Ap - water
  3. Tejas - fire
  4. Vāyu - air
  5. Ākāśa - space or ether

Classification of Śivaliṅgas[edit]

The Śivaliṅgas in some well-known places of pilgrimage are said to be closely associated with these five. They are:

  1. Pṛthviliṅga at Kāñcipuram in Tamil Nadu
  2. Abliṅga at Jambukeśvara in Tamil Nadu
  3. Tejoliñga at Aruṇācala in Tamil Nadu
  4. Vāyuliṅga at Kālahasti in Andhra Pradesh
  5. Ākāśaliṅga at Cidambaram in Tamil Nadu

The exact reason for this classification is not known.


  • The Concise Encyclopedia of Hinduism, Swami Harshananda, Ram Krishna Math, Bangalore

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