Colonial Discourse and the Suffering of Indian American Children Book Cover.webp

In this book, we analyze the psycho-social consequences faced by Indian American children after exposure to the school textbook discourse on Hinduism and ancient India. We demonstrate that there is an intimate connection—an almost exact correspondence—between James Mill’s colonial-racist discourse (Mill was the head of the British East India Company) and the current school textbook discourse. This racist discourse, camouflaged under the cover of political correctness, produces the same psychological impacts on Indian American children that racism typically causes: shame, inferiority, embarrassment, identity confusion, assimilation, and a phenomenon akin to racelessness, where children dissociate from the traditions and culture of their ancestors.

This book is the result of four years of rigorous research, reflecting our ongoing commitment at Hindupedia to challenge the representation of Hindu Dharma within academia.


From Hindupedia, the Hindu Encyclopedia

By Swami Harshananda

Parāśakti literally means ‘the great Śakti or power’.

Religion considers God not only as the Father but also as the Mother of this universe. If God is Parabrahman, he is also Parāśakti. These two aspects are inseparable just as fire and its burning power. According to the Śaivāgamas, Śiva as the highest Principle differentiates himself, at the time of evolution of this universe, into Parāśakti,[1] all the while remaining himself unaffected.

From Parāśakti evolves Cicchakti;[2] from Cichhakti comes Anandaśakti;[3] from Ānandaśakti emanates Icchāśakti;[4] from Icchāśakti issues Jñānaśakti;[5] and from this Jñānaśakti emerges Kriyāśakti.[6] Sometimes the five aspects of Śiva like Sadyojāta, Vāmadeva and so on are said to have been derived from the five aspects of Śakti. The word Parāśakti is more frequently used to indicate Pārvatī herself.


  1. Parāśakti means the transcendental, supreme Power.
  2. Cicchakti means Power of Consciousness.
  3. Anandaśakti means the Power of Bliss.
  4. Icchāśakti means Will-power.
  5. Jñānaśakti means Power of Knowledge.
  6. Kriyāśakti means the Power of Action.
  • The Concise Encyclopedia of Hinduism, Swami Harshananda, Ram Krishna Math, Bangalore

Contributors to this article

Explore Other Articles