By Swami Harshananda
Vedādhyayana literally means ‘learning and studying the Vedas.
Since the Vedas are considered as the holy scriptures, their study has acquired a religious character.A student becomes fit to study the Vedas only after the upanayāna ceremony. At the time of teaching the Vedas, the teacher sits facing the east and the student on his right, facing the north direction.
After ācamana the student requests the teacher and the teacher consents to start the teaching. Detailed instructions have been given in the works known as śikṣā to the modes of sitting postures, pronouncing methods, movement of hands and head and so on. For instance, shaking of limbs, lengthening the words like in music and restlessness have to be avoided. If the mantras are chanted as per the prescribed methods, they will definitely produce their effect.
- The Concise Encyclopedia of Hinduism, Swami Harshananda, Ram Krishna Math, Bangalore