Colonial Discourse and the Suffering of Indian American Children Book Cover.webp

In this book, we analyze the psycho-social consequences faced by Indian American children after exposure to the school textbook discourse on Hinduism and ancient India. We demonstrate that there is an intimate connection—an almost exact correspondence—between James Mill’s colonial-racist discourse (Mill was the head of the British East India Company) and the current school textbook discourse. This racist discourse, camouflaged under the cover of political correctness, produces the same psychological impacts on Indian American children that racism typically causes: shame, inferiority, embarrassment, identity confusion, assimilation, and a phenomenon akin to racelessness, where children dissociate from the traditions and culture of their ancestors.

This book is the result of four years of rigorous research and academic peer-review, reflecting our ongoing commitment at Hindupedia to challenge the representation of Hindu Dharma within academia.


From Hindupedia, the Hindu Encyclopedia

By Swami Harshananda

Virocana as per Chāndogya Upaniṣad[edit]

According to the Chāndogya Upaniṣad,[1] Virocana was the king of the Asuras[2] who went to the teacher Prajāpati to get the knowledge of ātman.[3] He, with his limited intellect, understood that the physical body itself was the ātman and propagated the same to his flock. Consequently, the asuras became gross materialists.

Virocana as per Mahābhārata[edit]

As per the Mahābhārata,[4] Virocana was the son of Prahlāda and father of Bali. Once he had a dispute with a brāhmaṇa sage Sudhanva about the relative superiority of a brāhmaṇa and a kṣattriya, but lost it.


  1. Chāndogya Upaniṣad 8.7
  2. Asuras are the antigods or demons
  3. Ātman means the Self.
  4. Udyogaparva 35
  • The Concise Encyclopedia of Hinduism, Swami Harshananda, Ram Krishna Math, Bangalore