Colonial Discourse and the Suffering of Indian American Children Book Cover.webp

In this book, we analyze the psycho-social consequences faced by Indian American children after exposure to the school textbook discourse on Hinduism and ancient India. We demonstrate that there is an intimate connection—an almost exact correspondence—between James Mill’s colonial-racist discourse (Mill was the head of the British East India Company) and the current school textbook discourse. This racist discourse, camouflaged under the cover of political correctness, produces the same psychological impacts on Indian American children that racism typically causes: shame, inferiority, embarrassment, identity confusion, assimilation, and a phenomenon akin to racelessness, where children dissociate from the traditions and culture of their ancestors.

This book is the result of four years of rigorous research and academic peer-review, reflecting our ongoing commitment at Hindupedia to challenge the representation of Hindu Dharma within academia.

Ashta Lakshmi Stotram

From Hindupedia, the Hindu Encyclopedia

Translated by P.R.Ramachander

Lakshmi is commonly known as Goddess of wealth. Wealth is tradition and values, Family and progress, not simply money. Belongings such as land, property, animals, grains, etc as well as virtues like patience, persistence, purity etc in the form of a character are wealth and so is glory or victory.

Mother Lakshmi is the source and provider of the following enumerated well-known sixteen types of wealth and many more.

  1. Fame
  2. Knowledge
  3. Courage and Strength
  4. Victory
  5. Good Children
  6. Valour
  7. Gold and other gross properties
  8. Grains in abundance
  9. Happiness
  10. Bliss
  11. Intelligence
  12. Beauty
  13. Higher Aim, High Thinking and Meditation
  14. Morality and Ethics
  15. Good Health
  16. Long Life.

Ashta Lakshmi’s individual nature and forms are

Adi Lakshmi
Mother Lakshmi resides with Lord Narayana in the Vaikuntha, the abode of Lord Narayana. She is known as Ramaa, means bringing happiness to the mankind. She is also known as Indira (who holds lotus or purity in the hands or heart. ) Divine Mother’s this form is normally seen serving Sri Narayana. Lord Narayana is omnipresent. Adi Lakshmi or Ramaa Lakshmi serves Sri Narayana is symbolic of her serving the whole creation. Though Sri Narayana is attended by innumerable devotees, still she personally loves to serve the Lord. Actually mother Adi Lakshmi and Narayana are not two different entities but one only. Many a place we see her form sitting in the lap of Sri Narayana.
Dhanya Lakshmi
Dhanya means grains. This includes all kind of purified food containing all essential vitamins, minerals, protein, calcium, carbohytrade and so on. With the grace of mother Dhanya Lakshmi one gets all essential nutrients grains, fruits, vegetables and other foods.
Dhairya Lakshmi
This form of mother Lakshmi grants the boon of infinite courage and strength. Those, who are in tune with infinite inner power, are always bound to have victory. Those who worship mother Dhairya Lakshmi they live and lead a life with tremendous patience and inner stability.
Gaja Lakshmi
In the holy book of Srimad Bhagavata the story of the churning of the ocean by Gods and demons is explained in detail. Author, the Sage Vyasa writes that Lakshmi came out of the ocean during the churning of the ocean (Samudra Manthan). So she is known as a daughter of the ocean. She came out of the ocean sitting on a full-bloomed lotus and also having lotus flowers in both hands with two elephants by her sides, holding a beautiful vessels filled with milk and pouring it over Sri Lakshmi. Many a time we see Sri Lakshmi standing in the lotus and elephants are pouring nectar over her. During the festival of the lamps or the Deepavali along with Sri Lakshmi the Ganapati or the Elephant God also gets worshipped; that signifies the protection from evils as well as abundant grace and blessings for additional prosperities!
Santan Lakshmi
In the family life, the children are the greatest treasure. Those who worship this particular form of Sri Lakshmi, known as a Santan Lakshmi, are bestowed with the grace of mother Lakshmi and have wealth in the form of desirable children with good health & long life.
Vijay Lakshmi
Vijay is victory. Vijay is to get success in all undertakings and all different facets of life. Some are strong physically but weak mentally while others are economically rich but poor in their attitude and cannot exert any influence. Vijay is to have all encompassing victory. Vijay is to rejoice glory of our real nature – Vijay is to conquer the lower nature. Vijay is the victory in external and internal wars and of course eternal wars! Hence those, with grace of mother Vijay Lakshmi, have victory everywhere, at all time, in all conditions. Victory to Vijay Lakshmi !!
Dhana Lakshmi
Dhana is wealth. But as per Rigved’s Purush Shukta Dhana is not only a wealth in coins and currency. Even Sun and moon, fire and stars, rains and nature, oceans and mountains, rivers and streams, all these are our wealth, so are the progeny, our inner will power, our character and our virtues. With the grace of mother Dhana Lakshmi we will get all these in abundance.
Vidya Lakshmi
Vidya is education. Education is not mere studies to receive the degrees and diplomas certificates from the educational Institutes or universities[1]

Ashta Lakshmi Stotra by Unknown Author[edit]

Adi Lakshmi[edit]

Sumanasa vandhitha, madhavi 
Chandra sahodhari hemamaye,
Munigana manditha, Moksha pradhayini,
manjula bhashini, Veda nuthe,
Pankaja vasini deva supoojitha 
sadguna varshani, santhiyuthe,
Jaya jaya hey madhusoodhana kamini 
Adhilakshmi sada palaya maam. 

Victory and victory to Adhi lakshmi
Oh, darling of the killer of Madhu,
Who is worshipped by all good people,
Who is pretty and sister of the moon,,
Who looks as if she is made of gold,
Who is saluted by all groups of sages,
Who grants salvation,
Who talks sweet words,
Who is praised by Vedas,
Who lives on the Lotus flower,
Who is worshipped by all devas,
Who showers good qualities on people,
And who is the personification of peace,
Please protect me always.

Dhanya Lakshmi[edit]

Ayio kali kalmasha nasini, kamini,
Vaidhika roopini, Veda maye,
Ksheera samudhbhava mangala roopini,
Manthra nivasini, manthranuthe,
Mangala dhayini, ambuja vasini, 
deva ganarchitha padayuthe,
Jaya jaya he madhusoodhana kamini 
Dhanyalakshmi sada palaya maam. 

Victory and victory to Danyalakshmi
Oh darling of the killer of Madhu,
Who destroys bad effects of kali Yuga,
Who is most desirable god,
Who is personification of Vedas,
Who is pervaded by the Vedas,
Who arose out of milk,
Who is the form of all that is good,
Who lives in the sacred chants,
Who lives on the lotus flower,
And whose feet is worshipped by devas,
Please protect me always

Dairya Lakshmi[edit]

Jaya vara varnani, vaishnavi,
Bhargavi, manthra swaroopini, manthra maye,
Suragana poojitha seegra phala pradha,
Jnana vikasini, sasthranuthe,
Bhava bhaya harini, papa vimochini,
Sadu janarchitha pada yuthe,
Jaya jaya he madhusoodhana kamini 
Dairyalakshmi sada palaya maam. 

Victory and victory to Dairyalakshmi
Oh, darling of the killer of Madhu,
Who is described by victorious and blessed,
Who is the shakthi which came out of Vishnu,
Who is the daughter of sage Bhargava,
Whose form is that of sacred chants,
Who is pervaded by sacred chants,
Who is worshipped by all devas,
Who gives results fast,
Who improves knowledge,
Who is worshipped by shastras,
Who destroys fear,
Who gives redemption from sins,
And whose feet is worshipped by holy people,
Who lives on the lotus flower,
Please protect me always

Gaja Lakshmi[edit]

Jaya jaya durgathi nasini kamini,
Sarva phala pradha sastra maye,
Rathha gaja thuraga padathi samavrutha,
Parijana manditha lokanuthe,
Harihara brahma supoojitha sevitha,
Thapa nivarini pada yuthe,
Jaya jaya he madhusoodhana kamini 
Gajalakshmi sada palaya maam. 

Victory and victory to Gajalakshmi
Oh darling of the killer of Madhu,
Victory and victory to you,
Who removes bad fate,
Who is desirable God,
Who is the personification of shastras,
Which bless one with all that is asked,
Who is surrounded by an army of elephants,
Chariots, horses and cavalry,
Who is worshipped and served by,
Shiva, Vishnu and Brahma,
And whose feet provides relief from suffering,
Please protect me always

Santhana Lakshmi[edit]

Ayi kagha vahini, mohini, chakrini,
raga vivrdhni, jnanamaye,
Gunagana varidhi, loka hithaishini,
Swara saptha bhooshitha gana nuthe,
Sakala surasura deva muneeswara,
Manhava vandhitha padayuthe,
Jaya jaya he madhusoodhana kamini 
Santhanaalakshmi sada palaya maam. 

Victory and victory to Santhanalakshmi
Oh, darling of the killer of Madhu,
Who rides on the bird,
Who is an enchantress,
Who is the consort of he who holds the Chakra,
Who pacifies emotions,
Who is pervaded by knowledge,
Who is ocean of good qualities,
Who has her mind in the good of all the world,
Who is worshipped by the Music of seven swaras,
And who is worshipped by all devas, asuras,
Sages and all humans,
Please protect me always.


Jaya kamalasini, sadgathi dayini, 
jnana vikasini ganamaye,
Anudina marchitha kumkuma dhoosara 
bhooshitha vaasitha vadhyanuthe,
Kanakadhara sthuthi vaibhava 
vanditha shankara desika manyapathe,
Jaya jaya he madhusoodhana kamini 
Vijayalakshmi sada palaya maam. 

Victory and victory to Vijayalakshmi
The darling of the killer of Madhu,
Victory to she who sits on the lotus,
Who blesses us with salvation,
Who spreads our knowledge,
Who is pervaded with music,
Who is coated with the saffron powder,
Which is daily used to worship her,
Who is worshipped by playing of musical instruments,
And who was pleased by the prayer,
Of the golden rain by the great Sankara,
Please protect me always.

Vidhya Lakshmi[edit]

Pranatha sureswari, bharathi, bhargavi 
shoka vinasini, rathna maye,
Mani maya bhooshitha Karma vibhooshana,
Santhi samavrutha hasyamukhe,
Nava nidhi dhayini kalimala harini,
Kamitha phalapradha hasthayuthe,
Jaya jaya he madhusoodhana kamini 
Vidhyalakshmi sada palaya maam. 

Victory and victory to Vidhyalakshmi
Oh, darling of the killer of Madhu,
Who is the pleased goddess of devas,
Who is he goddess of Bharatha,
Who is the daughter of sage Bhargava,
Who removes all sorrows,
Who is fully ornamented by precious stones,
Who wears several gem studded ornaments,
Whose ear is decorated,
Who is the abode of peace,
Who has a smiling face,
Who blesses us with nine types of wealth,
Who steals away bad effects of kali,
And whose hands blesses us,
For fulfillment of our wish,
Please protect me always

Dhana Lakshmi[edit]

Dhimidhimi dhindhimi dhindhimi dhindhimi,
dundubhi nada supoornamaye,
Ghumaghuma ghumaghuma ghumaghuma,
Sankha ninadha suvadhyanoothe,
Veda puranethihasa supoojitha,
Vaidhika marga pradarsayuthe,
Jaya jaya he madhusoodhana kamini 
Danalakshmi sada palaya maam. 

Victory and victory to Danalakshmi
Hey, darling of the killer of Madhu,
Who is fully complete with,
Dimidimi sounds of the drum,
And the majestic Sound of conch,
Gumguma, ghummkuma, gunguma,
Who is worshipped by Vedas and puranas,
And who shows the path of religious discipline,
Please protect me always

Ashta Lakshmi Stotra by unknown author[edit]

Aadhi Lakshmi[edit]

Dwibhujam cha dwinethram cha sa abhyam, varadanwitham,
Pushpa mala dharam, devim ambhujasana samsthitham,
Pushpa thorana samyuktham, prabha mandala manditham,
Sarva lakshana samyuktham, sarvabharana bhooshitham,
Peethambaradharam devim makute charu bandhanaam,
Sthano nadhi sama yuktham parswayor dheepa shakthikam,
Soundarya nilayam, shakthim, Adhi lakkshmeem aham Bhaje., 1

I salute and sing about that primeval Lakshmi,
Who gives protection by her two eyes and hands,
Who gives copious boons, who wear flower garlands,
Who is the goddess who sits on the throne of lotus,
Who sits in the arena decorated by chains of flowers,
Who shines in the halo of light, who has perfect beauty,
Who wears all ornaments, who wears yellow silks,
Who wears a decorated crown, who has a high bosom,
Who has rows of lights on both her sides,
Who is the personification of beauty and power.

Gaja Lakshmi[edit]

Chathur bhujam, dwinethram vara abhaya karanvidham,
Abja dwaya karambhojam, abjasana samasthitham,
Sasi varna kadobabhyam plavyamanam maha sriyam,
Sarvabharana shobhadyam shubra vasthorthareeyakam,
Chamara graham naribhi sevitham, parswayor dwayo,
Aapada lambhivasanam karanda makutam bhaje., 2

I sing and salute the Gaja Lakshmi, who has four hands,
Who has two eyes, whose two hands show the symbol,
Of giving of boons and providing of succour,
Who has lotus flowers in two hands, Who is seated on a lotus,
Who is being anointed by water by two elephants of black colour,
Who shines in various ornaments, who wears white cloths,
Who is being served by two ladies holding fan on her both sides,
And who shines from her head to foot.

Dhana Lakshmi[edit]

Kirreda makudopetham, swarna varna samanvitham,
Sarvabhara samyuktham, sukhasana manvitham,
Paripoornam cha kumbham ch a dakshinena karenathu,
Chakram banam cha thamboolam thada vama karenathu,
Sankham padmam cha chapam cha gandikam api dharineem,
Sath kanchukastha neem, dhyayeth danalakshmeem manoharam., 3

I meditate on the very pretty looking Dhana Lakshmi.
Who wears a crown on her head, who is of the golden colour,
Who is with all type of ornaments, who sits on the seat of pleasure,
Who holds a filled up pot in her left hand,
Who has wheel. arrow and betel leaves on her right hand,
Who also has conch, rope and wears a golden chain,
And who wears a tight cloth blouse over her bosom.

Dhanya Lakshmi[edit]

Varadhabhya samyuktham, kireeda makudojjwalam,
Ambujam che akshu chaleem vaa kadali phala dronikam,
Pankajam daksha vamethu, dadhanaam Shukla roopineem,
Krupa moorthim jadachoodam sukhasana samsthitham,
Sarvalangara samyuktham sarvabhara bhooshitham,
Mada matham manohari roopam, dhanya sriyam bhaje., 4

I sing and salute The Dhanya Lakshmi,
Who holds symbol of protection and mercy,
Who is offered lotus, sugarcane and pot of banana fruit,
Who shines with the crown on her head,
Who holds a lotus in her right hand,
Who bestows grace and is white in colour,
Who is personification of mercy, who wears brooch in her hair,
Who sits in a comfortable pose, who is well decorated,
Who wears all sort of ornaments,,
Who is exuberant and has a pretty mien.

Santhana Lakshmi[edit]

Jada makuta samyuktham sthidasana samanvitham,
Abhayam gadgam chaiva poorna kumbham bhuja dwaye,
Kanchugam chanda veeram cha moukthikam chapi dharineem,
Dheepa chamara nari bhi sevitha m, parsvayor dwayo,
Bala senathi sangase karuna pooridananaam,
Maha rajnim cha Santhana Lakshmim ishtartha sidhaye., 5

Let the queen like Santhana Lakshmi, who wears a crown,
Who sits on a stable seat,, who holds in her two hands,
Symbol of protection, sword and a pot completely full,
Who wears a small sword and silken dress on her bosom,
Who is served on both sides by ladies holding fan and light,
Who showers love on the child Subrahmanya sitting on her lap,
Fulfill all my wishes and wants and wealth.

Veera Lakshmi[edit]

Ashta bahu yutham lakshmim simhasana vara sthitham,
Thaptha kanchana sangasam, kireda makudojjwalam,
Swarna kanchuka samyuktham satha veera dharam thadha,
Abhayam varadam chaiva bhuja bhuja yos samyavayo,
Chakram soolam cha banam cha sankham chapam kapalakam,
Datheem Veeralakshmim cha nava thalathmikam Bhaje., 6

I salute that valorous Lakshmi by whose side nine trees shine,
Who has eight hands, who sits on a throne, who shines like molten gold,
Who wears a crown over her hair, who wears a golden cloth over her bosom,
And also a garland of gold, who shows the symbol of protection,
Symbol of blessing in her right and left hands,
And who holds, the holy wheel, spear, bow, conch, bow and a skull.

Vijaya Lakshmi[edit]

Ashta bahu yudham devim simhasana varasthitham,
Sukhasanam sukesim cha kireeda makudojjwalam,
Shyamangim, komalaa karam sarvabharana bhooshitham,
Gadgam, pasam gadha chakram varadam vama hasthake,
Kedakam changusam sankham varadam vama hasthake,
Raja roopa dharam shakthim Prabhu soundarya shobhitham,
Hamsaroodam smareth devim vijayam vijayapthaye., 7

I meditate on that goddess riding on a swam and pray for victory,
Who has eight hands, who sits on a throne in a comfortable posture,
Who has very pretty hair and wears a shining crown over that,
Who is black in colour, who is pretty and wears all ornaments,
Who has sword, rope, wheel and symbol of protection in right hands,
Who has shield, goad, conch and symbol of blessing in her right hands,
Who looks like a king, who is powerful, lord and shines due to her beauty.

Maha Lakshmi[edit]

Chathur bhujam Maha Lakshmim gaja yugma supoojitham,
Padma pathra nayanam, varabhaya karojjwalam,
Oordhwa dhwaya kare chabjam dadatheem shkla vasthrakam,
Padmasane sukhaseenam bhajeham sarva Mangalam., 8

I worship she who sits comfortably in a lotus pose,
Who bestows all good things, who has four hands,
Who is Maha Lakshmi, who is worshipped by two elephants,
Who has eyes like leaf of lotus, who has shining hands,
Showing the Symbols of protection and blessing,
Who holds on other two hands lotus flowers,
Who dresses herself in white.

Notes & References[edit]