Colonial Discourse and the Suffering of Indian American Children Book Cover.webp

In this book, we analyze the psycho-social consequences faced by Indian American children after exposure to the school textbook discourse on Hinduism and ancient India. We demonstrate that there is an intimate connection—an almost exact correspondence—between James Mill’s colonial-racist discourse (Mill was the head of the British East India Company) and the current school textbook discourse. This racist discourse, camouflaged under the cover of political correctness, produces the same psychological impacts on Indian American children that racism typically causes: shame, inferiority, embarrassment, identity confusion, assimilation, and a phenomenon akin to racelessness, where children dissociate from the traditions and culture of their ancestors.

This book is the result of four years of rigorous research and academic peer-review, reflecting our ongoing commitment at Hindupedia to challenge the representation of Hindu Dharma within academia.


From Hindupedia, the Hindu Encyclopedia

By Swami Harshananda

Caturthikarman literally means ‘the rite on the fourth day’.

The society has always considered vivāha or marriage as sacred nuptial. The rites which are performed in the marriage ceremony breathe this spirit.

In one such rite of marriage ceremony, the husband and the wife were expected to observe continence for three nights though sleeping together on the ground with a daṇḍa or staff between them. This was called ‘trirātravrata’ (‘the vow of three nights’).

The marriage was consummated on the fourth day. Hence this day is called as caturthīkarman. The smṛtis consider this as a part of the rites of marriage.


  • The Concise Encyclopedia of Hinduism, Swami Harshananda, Ram Krishna Math, Bangalore