Colonial Discourse and the Suffering of Indian American Children Book Cover.webp

In this book, we analyze the psycho-social consequences faced by Indian American children after exposure to the school textbook discourse on Hinduism and ancient India. We demonstrate that there is an intimate connection—an almost exact correspondence—between James Mill’s colonial-racist discourse (Mill was the head of the British East India Company) and the current school textbook discourse. This racist discourse, camouflaged under the cover of political correctness, produces the same psychological impacts on Indian American children that racism typically causes: shame, inferiority, embarrassment, identity confusion, assimilation, and a phenomenon akin to racelessness, where children dissociate from the traditions and culture of their ancestors.

This book is the result of four years of rigorous research and academic peer-review, reflecting our ongoing commitment at Hindupedia to challenge the representation of Hindu Dharma within academia.


From Hindupedia, the Hindu Encyclopedia

By Swami Harshananda

Dravya literally means ‘substance’.


The word ‘dravya’ has been used widely in several senses, including the technical ones in some systems of philosophy. The general senses are:

  1. Wealth
  2. An object or substance
  3. An auspicious one
  4. An ointment
  5. A intoxicating liquid
  6. Medicine
  7. Bronze

According to Nyāya System[edit]

In the Nyāya system of Gautama, ‘dravya’ is one of the seven padārthas or fundamental substances in the universe. This ‘dravya’ is of nine types:

  1. Five bhutas - elements
  2. Kāla - time
  3. Dik - quarters or directions
  4. Ātman - individual Soul
  5. Manas - mind

According to Dvaita Vedānta System[edit]

Dvaita Vedānta system comprises dravya of 20 items such as:

  1. Paramātman - God
  2. Lakṣmī - the Divine consort of God
  3. Jīvātman - the individual soul
  4. Prakṛti - Nature
  5. Three guṇas like sattva, tamas and rajas
  6. Buddhi - intellect
  7. Indriya - senses
  8. Avidyā - ignorance

According to Viśiṣṭādvaita Vedānta System[edit]

This system recognizes only six items under dravya. They are:

  1. Prakṛti - nature
  2. Kāla - time
  3. Śuddha or pure sattva
  4. Dharma- bhuta-jñāna - knowledge as an attribute of the jīva
  5. Jīva - individual soul
  6. Īśvara - god

According to Ayurveda[edit]

In the Ayurveda (health science) seven dravyas are mentioned which comprise of the physical body. They are enlisted as:

  1. Vāta - wind
  2. Pitta - bile
  3. Śleṣma - phlegm
  4. Tvak - skin
  5. Māmsa - flesh

In Sacrifices[edit]

The substances used in homas or sacrifices are also called as ‘dravya’ or ‘homadravya’. They are:

  1. Fuel-sticks of aśvattha (Ficus religiosa)
  2. Sesamum seeds
  3. Pudding of milk
  4. Ghee
  5. Sweetmeats
  6. Coconuts
  7. Jaggery
  8. Honey
  9. Certain fruits


  • The Concise Encyclopedia of Hinduism, Swami Harshananda, Ram Krishna Math, Bangalore