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Rāmāyaṇa where ideology and arts meet narrative and historical context by Prof. Nalini Rao

Rāmāyaṇa tradition in northeast Bhārat by Virag Pachpore


From Hindupedia, the Hindu Encyclopedia

By Swami Harshananda

Haṭhayoga texts prescribe various methods for the internal purification of the body that help in maintaining good health. The Saṭkarma-s or six practices are an important prescription given by them and the Kapālabhāti[1] is the last of these the Saṭkarma-s. It is further of three kinds:

  1. Vātakrama - also referred as ‘vāma-krama’, performed by drawing air through the left nostril and expelling it through the right and vice-versa
  2. Vyutkrama - In this the yogi draws water through both the nostrils and expels it through the mouth slowly
  3. Śītkrama - This is the reverse of the Vyutkrama, viz., drawing water through the mouth and then expelling through the nostrils


  1. Gheranda Samhitā 1.56-59
  • The Concise Encyclopedia of Hinduism, Swami Harshananda, Ram Krishna Math, Bangalore