Colonial Discourse and the Suffering of Indian American Children Book Cover.webp

In this book, we analyze the psycho-social consequences faced by Indian American children after exposure to the school textbook discourse on Hinduism and ancient India. We demonstrate that there is an intimate connection—an almost exact correspondence—between James Mill’s colonial-racist discourse (Mill was the head of the British East India Company) and the current school textbook discourse. This racist discourse, camouflaged under the cover of political correctness, produces the same psychological impacts on Indian American children that racism typically causes: shame, inferiority, embarrassment, identity confusion, assimilation, and a phenomenon akin to racelessness, where children dissociate from the traditions and culture of their ancestors.

This book is the result of four years of rigorous research and academic peer-review, reflecting our ongoing commitment at Hindupedia to challenge the representation of Hindu Dharma within academia.

Maṇḍana Miśra

From Hindupedia, the Hindu Encyclopedia

By Swami Harshananda

Maṇḍana Miśra lived in circa CE 750-800. According to the traditional biographies of Śaṅkara (CE 788-820) like the Sañkaravijaya of Mādhava-Vidyāraṇya (CE 1350), Maṇḍana Miśra was a disciple of the well-known Mīmāṅsā scholar Kumārila Bhaṭṭa (8th century CE). He was defeated by Śaṅkara in disputation and became his disciple. After taking Sanyāsa, he was given the name Sureśvarācārya. His wife also became a sanyāsinī disciple of Śaṅkara under the name Ubhayabhāratī.

However, this has been disputed by the modern scholars. Since Maṇḍana Miśra was the author of a well-known work on Advaita Vedānta, the Brahmasiddhi. It is possible that he also was a Vedāntin, though holding views different from those of Śaṅkara.

According to these scholars, Sureśvarācārya was a different person whose original name was Viśvarupa. The works attributed to Maṇḍana, all on the Mimāñsā, are:

  1. Vidhiviveka
  2. Bhāvanāviveka
  3. Vibhramaviveka
  4. Mimārhsānukramani

Umbeka, a disciple of Kumārila, has written a commentary on Bhāvanāviveka.


  • The Concise Encyclopedia of Hinduism, Swami Harshananda, Ram Krishna Math, Bangalore