Colonial Discourse and the Suffering of Indian American Children Book Cover.webp

In this book, we analyze the psycho-social consequences faced by Indian American children after exposure to the school textbook discourse on Hinduism and ancient India. We demonstrate that there is an intimate connection—an almost exact correspondence—between James Mill’s colonial-racist discourse (Mill was the head of the British East India Company) and the current school textbook discourse. This racist discourse, camouflaged under the cover of political correctness, produces the same psychological impacts on Indian American children that racism typically causes: shame, inferiority, embarrassment, identity confusion, assimilation, and a phenomenon akin to racelessness, where children dissociate from the traditions and culture of their ancestors.

This book is the result of four years of rigorous research and academic peer-review, reflecting our ongoing commitment at Hindupedia to challenge the representation of Hindu Dharma within academia.


From Hindupedia, the Hindu Encyclopedia

By Swami Harshananda

Origin of Navyanyāya[edit]

The Nyāya Darśana or the Nyāya school of philosophy has provided a strong basis and framework for logic. A new school of Nyāya philosophy under the name ‘Navyanyāya’ began with the writings of Gaṅgeśa Upādhyāya[1] of Mithilā in Bihar and his successors.

Points of Tattvacintāmaṇi[edit]

Gaṅgeśa Upādhyāya wrote a work called Tattvacintāmaṇi wherein he has dwelt with only the four pramāṇas or means of knowledge. They are:

Commentators of Tattvacintāmaṇi[edit]

He did not touch the prameya[2] at all. Somehow this work attracted an unusually great attention of the scholars first at Mithilā and later at Navadvīpa of Bengal. The chief commentators of this work of Gaṅgeśa are:

  • Raghunātha Śiromaṇi[3]
  • Mathurā Bhaṭṭācārya[4]
  • Gadādhara Bhatṭācārya[5]
  • Jagadiśa Bhaṭtācārya[6]

Other Navyanyāya[edit]

Later on, several sub-commentaries on the commentary of Raghunātha Śiro­maṇi arose along with independent works on the same object thus enriching the Navya-nyāya literature. The contribution of Navya-nyāya was mainly in the direction of developing a system of linguistic notations to specify accurately and precisely any concept. The other aspects of Nyāya Darśana were practically untouched.


  1. He lived in A. D. 1200
  2. Prameya means objects to be known.
  3. He lived in A. D. 1500.
  4. He lived in A. D. 1580.
  5. He lived in A. D. 1650.
  6. He lived in A. D. 1590.
  • The Concise Encyclopedia of Hinduism, Swami Harshananda, Ram Krishna Math, Bangalore

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