Colonial Discourse and the Suffering of Indian American Children Book Cover.webp

In this book, we analyze the psycho-social consequences faced by Indian American children after exposure to the school textbook discourse on Hinduism and ancient India. We demonstrate that there is an intimate connection—an almost exact correspondence—between James Mill’s colonial-racist discourse (Mill was the head of the British East India Company) and the current school textbook discourse. This racist discourse, camouflaged under the cover of political correctness, produces the same psychological impacts on Indian American children that racism typically causes: shame, inferiority, embarrassment, identity confusion, assimilation, and a phenomenon akin to racelessness, where children dissociate from the traditions and culture of their ancestors.

This book is the result of four years of rigorous research and academic peer-review, reflecting our ongoing commitment at Hindupedia to challenge the representation of Hindu Dharma within academia.


From Hindupedia, the Hindu Encyclopedia

By Swami Harshananda

Paramāmi literally means ‘atom’.

Generally, all the six systems of philosophy known as the Saḍ-darśanas, propound their own theories of creation of this world. The Nyāya-Vaiśeṣika systems put forward the theory that the physical world is evolved out of a gradual combination of the paramāṇus of the four basic elements:

  1. Pṛthvī - earth
  2. Ap - water
  3. Tejas - fire
  4. Vāyu - air
  5. Ākāśa - ether
  6. Jīvas - individual souls

It is in accordance with their karma by īśvara or God. When an element like the earth or water is broken into smaller parts, the smallest ultimate particle beyond which further division is impossible, is called ‘paramāṇu’. Only the first four elements can be in the form of paramāṇus or atoms.


  • The Concise Encyclopedia of Hinduism, Swami Harshananda, Ram Krishna Math, Bangalore

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