Colonial Discourse and the Suffering of Indian American Children Book Cover.webp

In this book, we analyze the psycho-social consequences faced by Indian American children after exposure to the school textbook discourse on Hinduism and ancient India. We demonstrate that there is an intimate connection—an almost exact correspondence—between James Mill’s colonial-racist discourse (Mill was the head of the British East India Company) and the current school textbook discourse. This racist discourse, camouflaged under the cover of political correctness, produces the same psychological impacts on Indian American children that racism typically causes: shame, inferiority, embarrassment, identity confusion, assimilation, and a phenomenon akin to racelessness, where children dissociate from the traditions and culture of their ancestors.

This book is the result of four years of rigorous research and academic peer-review, reflecting our ongoing commitment at Hindupedia to challenge the representation of Hindu Dharma within academia.


From Hindupedia, the Hindu Encyclopedia

By Śankara Bharadwaj Khandavalli and By Himanshu Bhatt

Puruṣārtha is purpose/fulfillment of life. By fulfilling Puruṣartha, man gets fulfillment for life as well as sustains the society. There are four Puruṣārthas:

Dharma is righteousness. Artha is wealth and Kāma is fulfillment of desire. Dharma should be the basis for Artha and Kāma. Both Artha and Kāma stand for how a righteous man should contribute to his society and mankind in general.

Self-realization (Moksha) is the aim and end of the soul[1] - Kalpasutra

The Puruṣārthas were also pursuits within non-traditional sects such as Buddhism and Jainism. The Jatakamala of Buddhism states that artha[2] is desirable only when allied with dharma for artha is the root of dharma and kāma is the dominant idea underlying household life.[3] Buddhism in the Mahāprajnaparamitopadesasastra[4] classified humans into four categories:[5] Kautilya the prime minister of Chandragupta Maurya, and himself a devout Jain, classified four pursuits of human life; Kāma, Artha, Dharma, and Mokṣa.[6]

  1. Those who seek love[7]
  2. Those who seek prosperity.[8]
  3. Those who see the eradication of karma (mokṣa).
  4. Those who seek knowledge.[9]


  1. “Swavimarshā purusharthā
  2. It refers to Prosperity here.
  3. P. 161 New Light on Early Buddhism By Balkrishna Govind Gokhale
  4. It is the Treatise on the Great Wisdom Perfection.
  5. P. 369-370 Buddhist Critical Spirituality: Prajñā and Śūnyatā By Shōhei Ichimura
  6. P. 369 Buddhist Critical Spirituality: Prajñā and Śūnyatā By Shōhei Ichimura
  7. It means kāma.
  8. Prosperity means artha.
  9. It means dharma.