Colonial Discourse and the Suffering of Indian American Children Book Cover.webp

In this book, we analyze the psycho-social consequences faced by Indian American children after exposure to the school textbook discourse on Hinduism and ancient India. We demonstrate that there is an intimate connection—an almost exact correspondence—between James Mill’s colonial-racist discourse (Mill was the head of the British East India Company) and the current school textbook discourse. This racist discourse, camouflaged under the cover of political correctness, produces the same psychological impacts on Indian American children that racism typically causes: shame, inferiority, embarrassment, identity confusion, assimilation, and a phenomenon akin to racelessness, where children dissociate from the traditions and culture of their ancestors.

This book is the result of four years of rigorous research and academic peer-review, reflecting our ongoing commitment at Hindupedia to challenge the representation of Hindu Dharma within academia.


From Hindupedia, the Hindu Encyclopedia

By Swami Harshananda

Śravaṇa,[1] manana[2] and nididhyāsana[3] is the standard method of Vedānta sādhanā.[4] When the aspirant listens to the statements of the Śrutis,[5] he must be able to understand their meaning and purport very clearly. Then only the next two steps are possible.

To get a clear understanding of the scriptural statements one has to apply the test of ṣaḍvidhaliṅgas. Saḍ means six and a liṅga is a characteristic sign. These are:

  1. Upakrama and upasaṅhāra - statement of the subject in the beginning and reiterating it at the end
  2. Abhyāsa or repetition - repeated emphasis on this subject to fix it in the mind
  3. Apurvatā or originality - showing that the meaning of this sentence cannot be gathered from any other source since it has never been stated earlier
  4. Phala or use - the utility of following the teaching thus obtained
  5. Arthavāda or eulogy - praising the greatness of the topic to make it palatable
  6. Upapatti or reasoning - logic in the support of main subject


  1. Śravaṇa means listening to Vedāntic statements.
  2. Manana means deep reflection upon them.
  3. Nididhyāsana means meditation on the truths intellectually realized.
  4. Vedānta sādhanā means spiritual practice.
  5. Śrutis means the Upaniṣads.
  • The Concise Encyclopedia of Hinduism, Swami Harshananda, Ram Krishna Math, Bangalore