Colonial Discourse and the Suffering of Indian American Children Book Cover.webp

In this book, we analyze the psycho-social consequences faced by Indian American children after exposure to the school textbook discourse on Hinduism and ancient India. We demonstrate that there is an intimate connection—an almost exact correspondence—between James Mill’s colonial-racist discourse (Mill was the head of the British East India Company) and the current school textbook discourse. This racist discourse, camouflaged under the cover of political correctness, produces the same psychological impacts on Indian American children that racism typically causes: shame, inferiority, embarrassment, identity confusion, assimilation, and a phenomenon akin to racelessness, where children dissociate from the traditions and culture of their ancestors.

This book is the result of four years of rigorous research and academic peer-review, reflecting our ongoing commitment at Hindupedia to challenge the representation of Hindu Dharma within academia.


From Hindupedia, the Hindu Encyclopedia

By Swami Harshananda

Sarpayāga literally means ‘sacrifice of serpents’.

A yāga[1] is a very powerful instrument for achieving any result one wants, good or bad. The king Parīkṣit[2] had been cursed by the young sage Sṛñgi to die by snake-bite, since the king had humiliated the sage Samīka[3] by putting a dead snake round his neck. Ultimately the king died by being bitten by Takṣaka, the lord of snakes in the nether world.

Janamejaya, the eldest son of Parīkṣit who succeeded him, decided to take revenge on Takṣaka and the entire race of snakes and serpents by performing the Sarpayāga.[4] As the yāga started and progressed, innumerable snakes and serpents were drawn irresistibly into the fire and perished. Meanwhile Takṣaka had taken refuge in Indra, the king of gods and hence he could not be easily drawn into the sacrificial fire. Knowing this through their power of intuition, the ṛṣis who were performing the sacrifice, changed the mantra to include Indra also. Indra also was being pulled by the power of the mantra, he abandoned Takṣaka and escaped. But before Takṣaka actually fell into the fire, his life of the surviving snakes, was saved by the timely intervention of a young sage named Āstīka [5]


  1. Yāga means sacrifice with Vedic mantras.
  2. Parīkṣit means grandson of Arjuna, the great Pāṇḍava hero.
  3. Samīka means Śṛṅgi’s father.
  4. Sarpayāga means serpent-sacrifice.
  5. Mahābhārata, Ādiparva, Chapters 51-58
  • The Concise Encyclopedia of Hinduism, Swami Harshananda, Ram Krishna Math, Bangalore

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