By Swami Harshananda
Vikṣepa literally means ‘throwing,’ ‘distracting’.
Vikṣepa as per Nyāya Philosophy
This is a technical word used in several senses. In the Nyāya philosophy, it is interpreted as ‘evasion’. When a person, who is involved in a disputation, finds himself on the losing side and tries to escape by saying that he has to go on some urgent business, it is called ‘vikṣepa’.
Vikṣepa as per Yogasutras
Vikṣepa as per Advaita Vedānta
In the Advaita Vedānta, vikṣepa is one of the two śaktis of avidyā. For instance, avidyā covers the real nature of the rope as rope by its āvaraṇaśakti and makes it appear as a snake by its vikṣepaśakti.
- Nyāyasutras 5.2.19
- Yogasutras 1.30
- Vyādhi means illness.
- Pramāda means heedlessness.
- Avirati means absence of renunciation.
- Śaktis means powers.
- Avidyā means nescience.
- Āvaraṇaśakti means covering power.
- Vikṣepaśakti means power of projection.
- The Concise Encyclopedia of Hinduism, Swami Harshananda, Ram Krishna Math, Bangalore