Colonial Discourse and the Suffering of Indian American Children Book Cover.webp

In this book, we analyze the psycho-social consequences faced by Indian American children after exposure to the school textbook discourse on Hinduism and ancient India. We demonstrate that there is an intimate connection—an almost exact correspondence—between James Mill’s colonial-racist discourse (Mill was the head of the British East India Company) and the current school textbook discourse. This racist discourse, camouflaged under the cover of political correctness, produces the same psychological impacts on Indian American children that racism typically causes: shame, inferiority, embarrassment, identity confusion, assimilation, and a phenomenon akin to racelessness, where children dissociate from the traditions and culture of their ancestors.

This book is the result of four years of rigorous research and academic peer-review, reflecting our ongoing commitment at Hindupedia to challenge the representation of Hindu Dharma within academia.


From Hindupedia, the Hindu Encyclopedia

By M. A. Alwar


Irā is a feminine form.


It can be derived in two ways:

  1. It can be split as "iṁ kāmaṁ rāti dadāti" which means 'That which fulfills desires' by adding the suffix ka to i+rā.
  2. It can be split as "eti gacchatīti" which means 'That which goes'. It is obtained by adding the suffix i+ran+ṭāp with the absence of guṇa by nipātana.


It is used in several meanings:

  1. The Earth
  2. Sentence
  3. Liquor
  4. Water[1]
  5. Sarasvatī[2]
  6. Food
  7. One of the wives of Kaśyapa
  8. Name of a demon
  9. Water



In the sense of water as, “Carrying water, and sprinkling ghee, Let them enter along with MItra.”[3]


In the sense of wife of Kaśyapa as in, “I shall now recite the names of the lawful wives of Kaśyapa – Aditi, Diti, Danu, Kālā, Amāyu, Siṁhikā, Muni, Kadru, Prādhā, Irā, Krodhā, Vinatā, Surabhi, Khaśā”[4]


In the sense of a demon as in “Marīciḥ, Maghavān, Irā, śañkhaśirāḥ and Vṛkaḥ”.[5]


  1. As per Amara.
  2. As per Śabdaratnāvalī.
  3. Āśvalāyanagṛhyasūtram 2|9.
  4. Her creation, as in इरा वृक्षलता वल्ली... Garuḍa, Chapter 6
  5. Harivaṁśam 3|82
  • Shabdakalpadrumah by Raja Radhakantdev, Varadaprasada Vasu, Haricarana Vasu