By M. A. Alwar
Irā is a feminine form.
It can be derived in two ways:
- It can be split as "iṁ kāmaṁ rāti dadāti" which means 'That which fulfills desires' by adding the suffix ka to i+rā.
- It can be split as "eti gacchatīti" which means 'That which goes'. It is obtained by adding the suffix i+ran+ṭāp with the absence of guṇa by nipātana.
It is used in several meanings:
- The Earth
- One of the wives of Kaśyapa
- Name of a demon
In the sense of wife of Kaśyapa as in, “I shall now recite the names of the lawful wives of Kaśyapa – Aditi, Diti, Danu, Kālā, Amāyu, Siṁhikā, Muni, Kadru, Prādhā, Irā, Krodhā, Vinatā, Surabhi, Khaśā”
In the sense of a demon as in “Marīciḥ, Maghavān, Irā, śañkhaśirāḥ and Vṛkaḥ”.
- As per Amara.
- As per Śabdaratnāvalī.
- Āśvalāyanagṛhyasūtram 2|9.
- Her creation, as in इरा वृक्षलता वल्ली... Garuḍa, Chapter 6
- Harivaṁśam 3|82
- Shabdakalpadrumah by Raja Radhakantdev, Varadaprasada Vasu, Haricarana Vasu